First Pitch: What Happens in Extended Spring Training?

I spent most of today getting coverage from extended Spring Training at Pirate City, catching up on some of the injuries that have taken place in camp, while also watching a game that featured Clayton Richard and Gage Hinsz pitching. I’ve got a great report on Richard coming tomorrow, talking a bit about how he performed today, but mostly focused on some of the mechanical changes he has been making, including a source for his new mechanics that you won’t believe.

I got a question last week about extended Spring Training, wondering simply what it is. This is something that hasn’t been discussed much up until the last few years. Part of that is because the Pirates haven’t really had a farm system worth following at the lower levels until this group started loading up on projectable prep pitchers and projectable international hitters. That made the lower levels and EST interesting.

I’d also say that in recent years, EST has been newsworthy because the Pirates have been contenders, and have had some injuries with players starting out in the extended camp. You might not notice EST when a middle round, six figure prep pitcher goes there, but you’re definitely going to notice when Charlie Morton, Francisco Liriano, Jameson Taillon, Clayton Richard, and others go to the level in years where they are expected to help the big league team.

Extended Spring Training is exactly as it sounds — an extension of Spring Training. If you’ve ever been to Pirate City for minor league camp, then you’ve got a good idea of how it works. There are workouts in the morning, then the team breaks for lunch, then they play a few games at 1:00 in the afternoon against the Yankees, Blue Jays, or Phillies, usually featuring at least two different levels in competition. In this case, you’ve got guys who will be making up the 2015 Morgantown, Bristol, and GCL Pirates rosters.

Joining these teams are the injured minor league players, plus the rehabbing MLB candidates. Richard pitched today. Charlie Morton pitches tomorrow. Jameson Taillon will throw a live batting practice tomorrow. Connor Joe took live at-bats in today’s game. And so on.

The benefit of EST is that it is less structured, allowing more time for development. Today I watched Clayton Richard — in EST to work on his mechanics — get a first pitch groundout to start an inning. That’s the type of efficiency you want in a game, but not what you want to see when a guy needs work with his new mechanics. No worries. A quick command from the pitching coaches, and the game situation was reset to no outs.

Or there’s the flip side of things. If a young pitcher is struggling with his command in a certain inning, and reaches his desired pitch count before getting three outs, the inning will be “rolled”, which basically means the inning is over as it stands. But in the very next inning, that same pitcher is free to return to the mound, despite the fact that he didn’t make it out of the previous inning. This allows teams to control the pitch counts of young pitchers, while also making sure they don’t have their start cut short due to a bad inning.

You can see why this type of environment would be good for anyone coming back from an injury, or anyone working on new mechanics, or just developing their game in the lower levels. On that latter part, even the drills are more relaxed than regular Spring Training. There aren’t hard time limits to get to your next drill, and there aren’t hundreds of players trying to get their work in. The work in EST is more hands-on, with coaches able to take extra time to work with players and help them develop an area where they are struggling, even if that means the schedule gets thrown off.

For the most part, Extended Spring Training is for major development of guys at the lowest levels of the system who need to work closer with coaches, and have more to work on than guys in full season ball. It’s also beneficial to rehabbing players, or any other player that has something specific to work on before they are ready to return to their normal level.

I’ll have reports from EST throughout the first two months of the season, including tomorrow with Charlie Morton’s outing and Jameson Taillon’s live BP, and my story on Clayton Richard and his mechanical adjustments.

**X-Rays Negative On Marte’s Hand

**Prospect Watch: Elias Diaz Breaks Slump, Weiss And Espinal Key Bradenton Comeback

**Jameson Taillon Hoping To Get In A Game Soon, Throws Live BP Tomorrow

**Injury Updates: Connor Joe, Tyler Eppler, Trey Supak, Stephen Tarpley, Kevin Krause

**Adrian Sampson Improving In Every Start With Indianapolis

**Morning Report: Andrew McCutchen Is Closing In On A Milestone

Tim started Pirates Prospects in 2009 from his home in Virginia, which was 40 minutes from where Pedro Alvarez made his pro debut in Lynchburg. That year, the Lynchburg Hillcats won the Carolina League championship, and Pirates Prospects was born from Tim's reporting along the way. The site has grown over the years to include many more writers, and Tim has gone on to become a credentialed MLB reporter, producing Pirates Prospects each year, and will publish his 11th Prospect Guide this offseason. He has also served as the Pittsburgh Pirates correspondent for Baseball America since 2019. Behind the scenes, Tim is an avid music lover, and most of the money he gets paid to run this site goes to vinyl records.

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dr dng

Interesting. Don’t think you would find this information anywhere else.

Also answers my dumb questions before I ask them.


I’ll second that comment – I always wondered about the routines and daily activities of EST. Another question I had was if you were aware of how other teams handle similar cases? I ask because the Pirates org seems to have developed their own way of doing things and some of their approaches are much different than the norm.

Rehab from TJ – I would imagine that most of it is cookie-cutter type approach, but has any team/medical facility done any further medical testing to support the best method of rehab?


Good to know, thanks tim.

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