Prospect Rewind: How Gregory Polanco Became the Pirates’ Top Prospect

Last week the 2014 Prospect Guide was released. Many of you received your books early this week, or you purchased the eBook in the last two days. In either case, you would know by now that Gregory Polanco is our top ranked prospect in the Pirates’ system heading into the 2014 season. If you haven’t ordered your copy yet, you can purchase the book here. The next shipment of paperback books is expected to arrive at the end of this week, while the eBook is available through our publisher, with ordering and discount information in that link.

It has been a busy week for Polanco news on this site. He started the week being named the MVP and Rookie of the Year of the Dominican Winter Leagues. On Monday night, I talked about how he could join the Pirates during the 2014 season, and pair with Andrew McCutchen and Starling Marte to make the best outfield in the majors. But how did Polanco get to this point?

The Pirates have drafted many tall, projectable right-handed pitchers in the last six years. With each report, the idea is that the player could add some weight to his tall and skinny frame, add some velocity due to the weight, and become a much better pitcher a few years down the road. It’s not quite as simple as add weight and add velocity, but that is a big component. It’s also the same concept with hitting prospects.

Gregory Polanco was one of several tall, projectable hitters a few years ago. In this case, the projection involves adding weight to his frame and adding power. He hadn’t done that in 2010 and 2011, leading to a combined .218/.289/.322 line in 357 at-bats in the GCL. He was unranked in the 2011 and 2012 Prospect Guides, but the reports were positive for his future.

Gregory Polanco in Spring Training 2011.
Gregory Polanco in Spring Training 2011.

2011 – Unranked

The Pirates, in particular Rene Gayo, were very high on Polanco when he signed, singling him out among the group of twelve players they signed at the same time. The fact he lasted just one year in the DSL at his young age before being brought to the states is a good sign. He has good speed, showed great base running instincts and has the ability to play center field. Due to his size they expect him to hit for some power once he grows into his body. He struggled in the GCL in 2010, but he was just 18 years old so it was a slightly aggressive promotion. Polanco will likely end up in short-season ball again next year and is one to watch, despite his early numbers.

I’ve mentioned in previous Prospect Rewinds that I didn’t get a chance to see many lower level prospects prior to the 2011 season. That wasn’t the case with Polanco. I saw him several times, mostly because it was easy to pick him out in a crowd. I didn’t necessarily know it was Polanco at first. I just knew him as that “extremely tall, extremely skinny outfielder who is surprisingly fast”. Anyone who has been to Pirate City during Spring Training and has initially been overwhelmed by the sea of minor leaguers showing only numbers on the back of their jerseys will be familiar with this kind of identification system.

It was based on Polanco’s size, speed, and pure athleticism that he became one of my sleeper prospects to follow. If you ever talked to me at Pirate City after the 2010 season, you would most likely hear about Polanco being a sleeper to watch. He didn’t break out in 2011, but did return to the GCL. The numbers weren’t much better, and he remained an unranked prospect with potential.

Gregory Polanco
Polanco at the end of the 2011 season.

2012 – Unranked

Polanco is a very promising outfield prospect. He’s got good speed, with great base running instincts. He is good enough defensively to play center field. He’s got a projectable frame, with a good chance that he can add power as he fills out. He’s still very raw, which shows in his 2011 numbers. The results weren’t great in the GCL, although he did put up good strikeout and walk ratios, along with a bit of power. Polanco is a project who should get plenty of playing time in 2012 in State College.

Something changed with Polanco between the 2011 and 2012 seasons. The change might have happened in 2011, as Polanco had decent numbers in the GCL, with a .754 OPS outside of a really horrible first week. The small sample size and the poor first week lowered his overall numbers and hid the good results. In Spring Training the following year, Polanco just looked different. He was crushing every pitcher he saw. That included left-handers and Double-A pitchers. It only took me a week of batting practice in early Spring Training to label him a breakout prospect for the 2012 season.

I’ve watched him a lot in the last week, and he’s put on a show in batting practice. That’s only batting practice, but from what I’ve seen of his hitting, I wouldn’t be surprised if we see some breakout numbers from him this year. He hit for a .237 average in the GCL last year, but had a .333 OBP, thanks to an 11.8% walk rate. He hit three homers in 169 at-bats, and stole 18 bases. That was his second year in the GCL, and he made huge strides with his walk rate, and added a bit of power. He turned 20 in September, and he’s one of my sleeper candidates this year.

And of course, Polanco did break out that year. He was one of the biggest breakout players in all of minor league baseball. He emerged the following season as a top 100 prospect in baseball, our number three prospect heading into the 2013 season, and the cover athlete of the 2013 Prospect Guide. Here is the report heading into the 2013 season.

Gregory Polanco
Gregory Polanco, posing for the cover of the 2013 Prospect Guide in October 2012.

2013 – #3 Overall

Ever since he made the jump to the US in 2010, Polanco looked like one of the most intriguing prospects in the system. He stood out for his tall, skinny frame and his five tool potential. During the first two years in the system, Polanco looked raw, failing to carry those tools over to the game. There was a big difference in his game heading into the 2012 season.

Polanco entered Spring Training with some extra muscle on his frame. That resulted in a power surge, with the outfielder hitting everyone hard, whether it was left-handers, guys at his level, or Double-A level pitchers. The performance was enough to earn him an aggressive promotion to West Virginia.

Alen Hanson over-shadowed Polanco for the first few months of the season, mostly because of Hanson’s unreal numbers in April. As scouts watched Hanson, they quickly started to notice his teammate. Polanco was consistent, never dropping below an .800 OPS in any month. He really sealed his fate as a top prospect with a monster July, hitting for a .394 average and a 1.051 OPS. By the end of the year there was a debate over which breakout hitter was better, with the edge going to Polanco.

A big reason Polanco gets the edge over Hanson is due to his defense. Both are great hitters. Polanco has a bit of an unusual swing, but he’s got a lot of power from the left side, and above average plate patience, which is rare from a power hitter and rare from a Latin American hitter. He still has some projectability in his frame, which means we could see more power in the future.

There are questions whether Hanson can stick at a premium defensive position, but those questions don’t exist for Polanco. He has a ton of speed due to his long legs. He glides across the outfield, covering a lot of ground. Pairing the range with a plus arm, Polanco has the skills to stick in center field. As a plus defensive, power hitting center fielder with plus speed on the bases, Polanco is one of the most interesting players to watch. That’s not only among prospects, but among every player in the system. He should move to Bradenton in 2013, and could make the jump to Altoona by the end of the year.

Gregory Polanco in 2013 in Bradenton.
Gregory Polanco in 2013 in Bradenton.

The break between seasons makes it seem like Polanco just flipped a switch and went from a raw, projectable outfielder to a top prospect. The reality is that Polanco showed some improvements in 2011, then really took off in 2012. He continued his success in 2013. He didn’t show many flaws in Bradenton, hitting for average, power, and showing good plate patience. He had a ton of speed and range in the outfield, and one of the few flaws he showed was poor route running in the outfield on straightaway hits.

Polanco moved to Altoona, where he had good numbers, which were masked by a poor stretch in July. The results were similar to his 2011 season in the GCL. The overall playing time was a small sample size, and a few bad weeks lowered his overall numbers. The Pirates liked what they saw in Polanco, enough to promote him to Indianapolis at the end of the season for the Triple-A playoffs. He then followed that up with his success in the Dominican, which came mostly against Triple-A quality pitching.

When we did our mid-season prospect rankings, Polanco had just made the jump to Altoona. Gerrit Cole had graduated, which left the argument for number one between Polanco and Jameson Taillon. I had Polanco first overall, but I was alone in that ranking, with other voters wanting to see him in the upper levels. I don’t know if it was the results in Double-A or the results in the Dominican that changed things, but by the time the 2014 prospect rankings came around, Polanco was the unanimous choice as the top prospect in the system.

The overall transformation is a huge success for the Pirates. They signed Polanco for $150,000 in April 2009. He went from being a projectable outfielder with a lot of raw tools to their top prospect, one of the top prospects in baseball, and a very polished and safe prospect in terms of tools and future major league results. There’s only a bit that Polanco needs to work on in Triple-A in 2014. He is projected to arrive mid-season 2014, and could provide the hitting equivalent of the boost that Gerrit Cole gave the Pirates in 2013.

  • I am curious, in your opinion, how does Michael De La Cruz compare to, say Polanco circa 2011?

  • Marte , McCutchen and Polanco in the same outfield , I think I could like that . Polanco still has a lot to prove in my mind , he has had a total of 9 at bats at the AAA level . Hopefully he will continue to grow as most hope and he does show up in Pittsburgh in June but it is far from certain .


  • LLOYD says that if Gregory Polanco doesn’t end up better than Placido Polanco, he’s gonna be one angry Pirates Prospects fan because of all this hype…….hardy har har, just a joke there but it will be such a let down if he goes all Chad Hermanson on us!!!

    Based on page 13 of the guide LLOYD is gonna make some fun predictions here:

    1. Hanson R SS .290 100/10/50/40…..R/HR/RBI/SB
    2. Polanco L RF .300 95/20/80/30
    3. Cutch R CF .310 95/25/105/20
    4. Bell S 1B .270 80/30/110/5
    5. Marte R LF .275 90/18/90/35
    6. PRNW S 3B .265 75/20/70/5
    7. Sanchez R C .255 65/18/70/5
    8. Mercer R 2B .260 60/14/65/5

    1. Cole R 20-7 2.56
    2. Tallion R 18-9 2.88
    3. Glasnow R 16-10 3.45
    4. Kingham R 15-9 3.65
    5. Holmes R 14-10 4.10
    CL. Stolmy 45 saves


    • Lloyd, thrilling to contemplate isn’t it? Your numbers are supportable. BTW what does the PR in front of NW stand for?

    • I will be thoroughly disappointed if either Walker or Mercer are starting in 2017. Walker is a platoon guy that doesn’t have a platoon partner. He is never going to hit enough to be a 3B. Plus he is not enough of a player to merit the type of contract that he will likely get once his arb years are up. Add in that he is a prime candidate to miss a bunch of time every year with injuries and you should realize that he should be replaced as soon as they have a better option. Walker’s decline is a big reason why I didn’t want to see Herrera go. He may not have turned into anything, but MIF is a shallow spot in the minors.

      If Mercer can improve his defense, he would be a serviceable 2B. I’m not so certain that that will ever happen though.

    • LBF: I like the options, and you have Neil Walker moving to 3B. I like this time right now where we are looking for a LH hitting 1B to alternate with Gaby Sanchez, as a good opportunity to move Walker to 1B for 20 to 30 games (more if it works well), and unless he has abandoned it, Alen Hanson is also a switchhitter. His development and performance in Hi A, exposure to AA, and then in the AFL is my reason to want to get Neil to 1B and open the MI for Hanson. He seems to be concentrating more on every ground ball, and the number of E’s has to drop under 30 this year.

      I like the quality of SP’s, but are we going to have room for a LHSP or two? And, IMO, Heredia will be there before Holmes, but it is very promising that both of these kids will start in Hi A in 2014 – Holmes as a 21 year old, and Heredia as a 19 year old. Thinking back to the days of whether JVB or Bullington would ever be ready, this is sick to have this amount of talent to even discuss.

  • Your love for Polanco is becoming contagious to the point that I’m now watching video of him. The kid has great balance and approach, one thing I notice on videos is his stride, he stands spread out a bit and has medium stride, once he gets two strikes he spreads very wide, back foot on the back line, front foot parallel to the front of the plate, stride almost gone, swing almost entirely upper body (btw, he doesn’t use most of his lower body to begging with, once he does, 25+ hr will be the norm). I could see this kid hovering north of .300 for his carrier. Looking forward to his debut!

  • Tim,

    Do you know how much money was spent to establish the Pirates’ facility in the Dominican, and what the annual budget to run it is? In Polanco’s case they brought him to the USA early. But I am wondering whether it would be a good investment to broaden their Latin American base by opening another “feeder camp” , say in Colombia, which would aid in selling the Pirates system to potential Latin American recruits. Where do the other MLB teams locate their facilities?

    • I think it was $5 M to build the facility. I’m not sure about the annual budget.

      I don’t think they would need a camp in Columbia. A lot of teams don’t scout heavily in places like Colombia. The Pirates have signed a lot of players out of Colombia because they’re willing to scout the area heavily. That has led to guys like Dilson Herrera and Harold Ramirez, who were both signed to high bonuses.

      • Thanks. I am thinking that having a “”camp” there might help the Pirates find more $150,000 signees like Polanco in addition to the “high bonus” signees like Ramirez and Herrera who presumably some other teams knew about since there was a market for their services which lead to the high bonuses. Apparently not many if any teams knew about Polanco as the Pirate’s were able to sign him for a relative pittance. Finding more Polancos is the real key to enabling the Pirates to compete over the longer term. For a $5M expenditure I think the Prates would have been better served to build a “camp” in Colombia and promote a Cumpton or a Pimental, then to spend the $5M on Edinson Volquez and hope for the Pirate’s pitching reclamation genie to work it’s magic again. The “camp” has the potential for multi year returns, while Volquez is a one year risk/return project.

        • The reason to build a camp in the DR is to get an edge in an area that is highly scouted. The DR facility helps to separate the Pirates from other teams, and helps give them an edge with smaller bonus guys who train there. Colombia isn’t as highly scouted, so the fact the Pirates have such a large presence there already gives them an edge.

          One thing about Volquez is that if he does work out, the benefit would be greater than one year. If the Pirates can make something out of Volquez, then they will have their choice of any future reclamation project they wish to sign.

          • If I’m not mistaken, the DR is also more stable than Columbia. You don’t want to invest millions into a permanent facility just to have it bombed or nationalized. I could be wrong, I haven’t been up on current events in quite a while. For now, I think that having quality feet on the ground is the biggest thing for now.

            • Interesting thought Unfurious! The concerns about nationalization are very appropriate for Venezuela, which is right next door to Colombia, and that is probably why the Pirates pulled out of Venezuela a few years ago in favor of the Dominican. The government of Colombia is a (relative to other Central and South American governments) stable right of center democracy sustaining considerable economic growth. The majority of the population doesn’t want to change that. There are still issues with FARC guerrillas, but much less so than in the past. The population of Colombia is large compared to other Caribbean countries, so the chance of finding new “Polancos” is good. There is some small risk of losing the investment I suppose. But you have to compare that with the virtual certainty of losing the $5M “investment” in Volquez at the end of 2014, not withstanding Tim’s expectation that success reclaiming Volquez would lead to greater accessibility to future reclamation projects. There is uncertainty everywhere. But my preference would be to investi in enhancing and opening up a new area for recruitment of inexpensive talent. I am not wedded to Colombia. Maybe Panama would be better. But I think that the Pirates investing in their development system will be a far sounder investment with greater returns than “investing” in “has been and may be again” reclamation projects.

              • Love the insight there. Thanks. Perhaps that’s something that we’ll see in the future. I suspect that PIT would need some more certainty regarding return on investment before negotiating and breaking ground on something like that. For now, couldn’t they just scout and bring prospects to the DR academy?

                • Yes. But whereas we tend to think of the Caribbean as one non-US place, the people who live there view their countries as their homes. It’s a big step for an 18 year old to leave home, cross an ocean and enroll in a baseball academy in another country. It’s a far easier step to relocate within your own country where you can return home on weekends if you want to make the trip. The point of being first in to a new area is that you are the one setting the standard, building good will in the local area. And you are better position to reach the low budget, high ceiling finds like Polanco. To make an analogy to gold mining, you need to move a lot of earth to find the nuggets. And you need to process a lot of athletes through an academy to find a Polanco. But once you find one you have paid for the entire investment. Anything more and it’s pure profit. You can see that by comparing the cost of establishing the Dominican academy with the signing bonuses of any of the recent high profile draftees like Taillon, Cole, Bell etc. Or a free agent like Volquez for that matter.

          • Re; 1st paragraph – true enough. But building the academy in Colombia gives a “first in” advantage over other future entrants into the market and enhances the Pirates’ ability to find low budget, high ceiling athletes like Polanco. Find just one Polanco equivalent and you have recovered your entire investment.

            Re: 2nd paragraph – as the Pirates team talent improves their ability to make use of the reclamation project approach will diminish. Once Cole, Taillon, Kingham, Morton, Glasnow etc. are established in the rotation who are you going to sit in favor of a reclamation project? Why would you risk $5MM on a Volquez equivalent in hopes of displacing what you already have? Obviously you wouldn’t. So the value of their reputation as successful rehabilitators will recede as their opportunity to use reclamation projects diminishes. The Pirates will need to move on to the Rays model you champion, selling high on the maturing stars with the return of multiple potential stars with less experience. And there won’t be holes in the line up that would be potential places to fit in a reclamation project.